Dating the greek gods
But Akhilleus' prayer is that Boreas and blustering Zephyros may come to him, and he promises them splendid offerings, so that you may set ablaze the funeral pyre, whereon lies Patroklos, with all Akhaians (Achaeans) mourning about him.’ She spoke so, and went away, and they with immortal clamour rose up, and swept the clouds in confusion before them.They came with a sudden blast upon the sea, and the waves rose under the whistling wind.
where the hero was burried]." "[The funeral of Akhilleus (Achilles) :] For honour to the goddess [Thetis], Nereus' child, he [Zeus] sent to Aiolos (Aeolus) Hermes, bidding him summon the sacred might of his swift Anemoi (Winds), for that the corpse of Aiakos' (Aeacus') son [Akhilleus] must now be burned.See the tables of the winds figured in Göttling's edit. Then swift-footed brilliant Akhilleus thought of one more thing that he must do.He stood apart from the pyre and made his prayer to the two winds Boreas and Zephryos (Zephyrus), north wind and west, and promised them splendid offerings, and much outpouring from a golden goblet entreated them to come, so that the bodies might with best speed burn in the fire and the timber burst into flame.And Iris, hearing his prayer, went swiftly as messenger to the Winds for him.Now the Winds assembled within the house of storm-blowing Zephyros were taking part in a feast, and Iris paused in her running and stood on the stone doorsill; but they, when their eyes saw her, sprang to their feet, and each one asked her to sit beside them.Each of these was associated with a season--Boreas was the cold breath of winter, Zephyros the god of spring breezes, and Notos the god of summer rain-storms.
The Winds were portrayed as either man-shaped, winged gods who lived together in a cavern on Mount Haimos (Haemus) in Thrake (Thrace), or as horse-shaped divinities stabled by Aiolos (Aeolus) Hippotades, "the Reiner of Horses", on the island of Aiolia and set out to graze on the shores of the earth-encircling River Okeanos (Oceanus).
Later, especially philosophical writers, endeavoured to define the winds more accurately, according to their places in the compass. 6), besides the four principal winds (Boreas or Aparctias, Euris, Notus, and Zephyrus) mentions three, the Meses, Caicias, and Apeliotes. the planet Venus], and the gleaming stars with which heaven is crowned." [N. In the time of Hesiod, the Greek recognized only three seasons--spring, summer and winter.
between Boreas and Eurus ; between Eurus and Notus he places the Phoenicias ; between Notus and Zephyrus he has only the Lips, and between Zephyrus and Boreas he places the Argestes (Olympias or Sciron) and the Thrascias. § 9), and between Titane and Sicyon there was an altar of the winds, upon which a priest offered a sacrifice to the winds once in every year. In the same manner there were three seasonal winds--Zephyros, Notos and Boreas.] The Anemoi were often portrayed as man-shaped gods blowing out the winds.
Later authors blurred the distinction between the two.
The female counterparts of the Anemoi were the Aellai Harpyiai (Harpies).
Mated with the Winds they produced many swift, immortal horses.